A cape is any sleeveless outer garment. It’s usually it is a long garment that covers the wearer,
fastening around the neck.
Capes with hoods were common in medieval Europe and have had periodic returns to fashion. In full evening dress, ladies frequently use the cape as a fashion statement or to protect the wearer or the fine fabrics of their evening wear from the elements, especially where a coat would crush or hide the garment. These capes may be short (over the shoulders or to the waist) or a full-length cloak
Caped overcoats were popular for men during the Victorian era.